What is Collagen?
Collagen is a glue-forming protein that forms part of the connective tissue in the human body. The building blocks of collagen are various amino acids. This gives elasticity to the muscles, bones, joints, nails, hair and skin. The collagen fibers thus ensure that it is strengthened from the inside and that the skin structure is affected. Collagen holds the skin together like a glue.
Types of collagen
There are over 28 different types of collagen in total, but types 1 through 4 are the most abundant in the human body and are the most important.
Type I collagen
The body is filled up to 90% with type 1 collagen. The type I collagen fibers can be found in the bones, blood vessels, skin, but also in connective tissue, cartilage and scar tissue. Because collagen type I is also found in scar tissue, it can help with wound healing. Most people will know Type I collagen fibers from anti-aging properties. Type I improves skin health and hydration and best minimizes wrinkles.
Type II collagen
Collagen Type II is known to promote good joint health and keep the joints in optimal condition. Collagen type II is found in elastic cartilage.
Collagen type III provides structure for our muscles, organs and veins. This form is the second most common form after type I. Type III is also common in the intestines, so type III can improve training performance. Because collagen type III is found most in the muscles, it is best to use type III when you want to build muscle mass.
Type III collagen
Collagen type IV is essential for the skin and ensures proper filtering of the skin and aids in the function of the kidneys and other organs. Type IV forms in sheets because type IV lacks a specific amino acid (glycine) that is found in the other types of collagen.
Type IV collagen
Type V collagenCollagen type V is mainly found in our hair, but also in some layers of the skin and in the tissue of the placenta. Type V, like other types of collagen, can be found in collagen fibrils. Collagen fibrils are thin collagen fibers. Type V is considered a critical protein for neonatal development, as the placenta is vital for providing nutrients and oxygen to growing embryos.
Why Use Collagen?
Our body produces collagen itself, but when you have passed the age of twenty-five, the body is less and less able to produce collagen itself and after fifty years the human body produces almost no collagen at all. When our body no longer produces collagen itself, wrinkles and cellulite appear in the body. This ensures that when you get older and the collagen in your body decreases, the skin elasticity decreases, the skin becomes thinner and weaker and that muscles and joints become less flexible.